Royal Marines Weapons and Equipment

The Royal Marines operate a diverse range of vehicles, weapons and landing craft.


  • L85A2 Rifle - 5.56 x 45 mm (Individual Weapon)
  • L110A1 Light Machine Gun 5.56 x 45 mm belt or magazine.
  • L115A3 Sniper Rifle - .338 Lapua Magnum Accuracy International bolt-action sniper rifle
  • L7A2 GPMG (General Purpose Machine Gun) - the FN MAG 7.62 x 51 mm belt-fed machine gun.
  • L1A1 Heavy Machine Gun .50 inch (12.7 mm) BMG (Browning Machine gun)
  • Javelin Anti-Tank missile
  • L16A2 81 mm Mortar (High Explosive, Smoke and Illuminating ammunition)
  • L107A1 - 9 x 19 mm Parabellum semi-automatic pistol
  • L17A2 UGL (Under-slung Grenade Launcher) - Attachment to L85A2
  • Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knife

Landing craft


  • Viking BvS 10 All Terrain Armoured Vehicles
  • Land Rover Wolf
  • Jackal (MWMIK)
  • Pinzgauer High Mobility All-Terrain Vehicle

Royal Marines Training and Recruiting

Royal Marines recruit training is the longest basic modern infantry training programme of any NATO combat troops. The Royal Marines are the only part of the British Armed Forces where officers and other ranks are trained at the same location, the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM) at Lympstone, Devon. Much of the basic training is carried out on the rugged terrain of Dartmoor and Woodbury Common with a significant proportion taking place at night.


Initially all potential recruits are required to attend a series of entrance/aptitude tests and interviews at the Armed Forces Careers office (AFCO) to assess the suitability of all applicants. A series of physical assessments are also conducted including a hearing test, sight test and drug test in the form of a urine sample. As well as two 1.5 mile runs (2.4 km) the first to be completed within 12 minutes 30 seconds with 1 minute break before another 1.5 mile run to be completed at best effort but under 10 minutes 30 seconds, both set at a 2 degree incline on a running machine.

Then, before beginning Royal Marines recruit training the potential recruit must attend a Potential Royal Marine Course (PRMC) or Potential Officer Course (POC) held at CTCRM. PRMC lasts three days and assesses physical ability and intellectual capacity to undertake the recruit training. Officer candidates must also undertake the Admiralty Interview Board.

Officers and Marines undergo the same training up to the commando tests, thereafter Marines go on to employment in a rifle company while Officers continue training. Officer candidates are required to meet higher standards in the Commando tests.

Royal Marines Basic training

The first weeks of training are spent learning basic skills that will be used later. This includes much time spent on the parade ground and on the rifle ranges. The long history of the Royal Marines is also highlighted through a visit to the Royal Marines Museum in Southsea, Hampshire. Physical training at this stage emphasizes all-round physical strength, endurance and flexibility in order to develop the muscles necessary to carry the heavy equipment a marine will use in an operational unit. Key milestones include a gym passout at week 9 (not carried out with fighting order), a battle swimming test, and learning to do a "regain" (i.e. climb back onto a rope suspended over a water tank). Most of these tests are completed wearing fighting order of 32 lb (14.5 kg) of Personal Load Carrying Equipment. Individual fieldcraft skills are also taught at this basic stage .

The Commando Course

The culmination of training is the Commando course. Following the Royal Marines taking on responsibility for the Commando role with the disbandment of the Army Commandos at the end of World War II, all Royal Marines, except those in the Royal Marines Band Service, complete the Commando course as part of their training (see below). Key aspects of the course include climbing and ropework techniques, patrolling, and amphibious warfare operations.

This intense phase ends with a series of tests which have remained virtually unchanged since World War II. Again, these tests are done in full fighting order of 32 lb (14.5 kg) of equipment.

The Commando Tests are taken on consecutive days and all four tests must be successfully completed within a seven day period; they include;

  • A nine mile (14.5 km) speed march, carrying full fighting order, to be completed in 90 minutes; the pace is thus 10 minutes per mile (9.6 KM/h or 6 mph).
  • The Endurance course is a six mile (9.65 km) course across rough moorland and woodland terrain at Woodbury Common near Lympstone, which includes tunnels, pipes, wading pools, and an underwater culvert. The course ends with a four mile (6 km) run back to CTCRM. Followed by a marksmanship test, where the recruit must hit 6 out of 10 shots at a 25m target simulating 200 m. To be completed in 73 minutes (71 minutes for Royal Marine officers). Originally 72 minutes, these times were recently increased by one minute as the route of the course was altered.
  • The Tarzan Assault Course. This is an assault course combined with an aerial confidence test. It starts with a death slide (now known as the Commando Slide) and ends with a rope climb up a thirty foot near-vertical wall. It must be completed with full fighting order in 13 minutes, 12 minutes for officers. The Potential Officers Course also includes confidence tests from the Tarzan Assault Course, although not with equipment.
  • The 30 miler. This is a 30-mile (48-km) march across upland Dartmoor, wearing full fighting order, and additional safety equipment carried by the recruit in a daysack. It must be completed in eight hours for recruits and seven hours for Royal Marine officers, who must also navigate the route themselves, rather than following a DS (a trained Royal Marine) with the rest of a syndicate and carry their own equipment.

After the 30-mile (48 km) march, any who failed any of the tests may attempt to retake them up until the seven day window expires. If a recruit fails two or more of the tests, however, it is unlikely that a chance to re-attempt them will be offered.

Normally the seven day schedule for the Commando Tests is as follows:

  • Saturday - Endurance Course
  • Sunday - Rest
  • Monday - Nine Mile Speed March
  • Tuesday - Tarzan Assault Course
  • Wednesday - 30 Miler
  • Thursday - Failed test re-runs
  • Friday - Failed test re-runs

Completing the Commando course successfully entitles the recruit or officer to wear the green beret but does not mean that the Royal Marine has finished his training. That decision will be made by the troop or batch training team and will depend on the recruit's or young officer's overall performance. Furthermore, officer training still consists of many more months.

Training to be a Royal Marine takes 32 weeks. The last week is spent mainly on administration and preparing for the pass out parade. Recruits in their final week of training are known as the King's Squad and have their own section of the recruits' galley at Lympstone.

After basic and commando training, a Royal Marine Commando will normally join a unit of 3 Commando Brigade. There are three Royal Marines Commando infantry units in the Brigade: 40 Commando located at Norton Manor Camp near Taunton in Somerset, 42 Commando at Bickleigh Barracks, near Plymouth, Devon, and 45 Commando at RM Condor, Arbroath on the coast of Angus.

Non-Royal Marine volunteers for Commando training undertake the All Arms Commando Course.

There is also a Reserve Commando Course run for members of the Royal Marines Reserve and Commando units of the Territorial Army.

Royal Marines Specialist Training

Royal Marines after a period as a General Duties Rifleman may then go on to undertake specialist training in a variety of skills:

Commando Specialisations

  • Aircrewman
  • Assault Engineer
  • Armoured Support Group (Viking)
  • Armourer
  • Chef
  • Clerk
  • Combat Intelligence
  • Communications Technician
  • Drill Instructor
  • Driver
  • Heavy Weapons – Air Defence
  • Heavy Weapons – Anti-Tank
  • Heavy Weapons – Mortars
  • Information Systems
  • Landing Craft Coxswain
  • Medical Assistant
  • Metalsmith
  • Military Police
  • Mountain Leader
  • Platoon Weapons Instructor
  • Physical Training Instructor (PTI)
  • Reconnaissance Operator
  • Signaller
  • Swimmer Canoeist
  • Stores Accountant
  • Telecommunications Technician (Tels Tech)
  • Vehicle Mechanic (VM)
  • Yeoman of Signals

Commando Officer specialisations

  • Heavy Weapons Officer
  • Intelligence Officer
  • Landing Craft Officer
  • Mountain Leader
  • Pilot
  • Physical Training and Sports Officer
  • Signals Officer
  • Special Boat Service Officer
  • Staff Officer
  • Weapons Training Officer
  • Platoon Weapons

Training for these specialisations may be undertaken at CTCRM or in a joint environment, such as the Defence School of Transport at Leconfield, The School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (SEME) based at Bordon or the Defence College of Policing and Guarding.

Some marines are trained in military parachuting to allow flexibility of insertion methods for all force elements. Marines complete this training at RAF Brize Norton but are not required to undergo Pre Parachute Selection Course (P-Company) training due to the arduous nature of the commando course they have already completed.

Command, Control and Organization of Royal Marines

The overall head of the Royal Marines is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, in her role as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces.

The ceremonial head of the Royal Marines is the Captain General Royal Marines (equivalent to the Colonel-in-Chief of a British Army regiment). The current Captain-General is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Full Command of the Royal Marines is vested in the Commander-in-Chief Fleet (CINCFLEET) with the Commandant-General Royal Marines, a Major-General, embedded within the CINCFLEET staff as Commander UK Amphibious Force (COMUKAMPHIBFOR).

The operational capability of the Corps comprises a number of Battalion-plus sized units, of which three are designated as "Commandos":

  • 40 Commando (known as Forty Commando) based at Norton Manor Barracks, Taunton, Somerset, England
  • 42 Commando (known as Four Two Commando) based at Bickleigh Barracks, Plymouth, Devon, England
  • 45 Commando (known as Four Five Commando) based at RM Condor, Arbroath, Angus, Scotland
  • Commando Logistic Regiment based at Chivenor, Devon
  • 30 Commando Information Exploitation Group based at Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth
  • Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines based at HM Naval Base Clyde, Helensburgh, Argyll and Bute (Previously Comacchio Group).
  • Special Boat Service based at Royal Marines Base Poole, Dorset (although Full Command is retained by CINCFLEET, Operational Command of SBS RM is assigned to Director Special Forces).
  • 1 Assault Group Royal Marines based at HM Naval Base Devonport, Plymouth, Devon.

With the exception of the Fleet Protection Group and Commando Logistic Regiment, which are each commanded by a full Colonel, each of these units is commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel of the Royal Marines, who may have sub-specialised in a number of ways throughout his career.

There is also a Mountain Leader Training Cadre based at Stonehouse Barracks, Plymouth.

3 Commando Brigade

Operational Command (OpCom) of the three Commandos and the Commando Logistics Regiment is delegated to 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines, of which they are a part. Based at Stonehouse Barracks, the Brigade exercises control as directed by either CINCFLEET or the Permanent Joint Headquarters. As the main combat formation of the Royal Marines, the Brigade has its own organic capability to support it in the field, 30 Commando Information Exploitation Group, a battalion sized formation providing information operations capabilities, life support and security for the Brigade HQ.

The Brigade also holds OpCom of attached army units from Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers. 1 Bn The Rifles came under OpCom of the brigade from 1 April 08.

Independent elements

The independent elements of the Royal Marines are:

  • Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines is responsible for the security of the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent and other security-related duties. It also provides specialist boarding parties and snipers for the Royal Navy worldwide, for roles such as embargo enforcement, counter-narcotics, counter-piracy and counter-insurgency activities of the Royal Navy. It is commando-sized, however the structure differs to reflect its role; it bears the colours, battle honours and customs of the former 43 Commando Royal Marines.
  • Commando Training Centre: This is the training unit for the entire corps, and consists of three separate sections:
    • Commando Training Wing: This is the initial basic commando training section for new recruits to the Royal Marines, and the All Arms Commando Course.
    • Specialist Wing. This provides specialist training in the various trades which Marines may elect to join once qualified and experienced in a Rifle Company.
    • Command Wing: This provides command training for both officers and NCOs of the Royal Marines.
  • 1 Assault Group Royal Marines: Provides training in the use of landing craft and boats, and also serves as a parent unit for the three assault squadrons permanently-embarked on the Royal Navy's amphibious ships.
    • 4 Assault Squadron—HMS Bulwark
    • 6 Assault Squadron—HMS Albion
    • 9 Assault Squadron—HMS Ocean
  • Special Boat Service (SBS) are naval special forces and under OpCom of Director Special Forces. It is commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel qualified as a Swimmer Canoeist. SBS Responsibilities include water-borne operations, Maritime Counter-Terrorism and other special forces tasks.
  • Royal Marines Band Service provides regular bands for the Royal Navy and provides expertise to train RN Volunteer Bands. Musicians have a secondary role as field hospital orderlies. Personnel may not be commando trained, wearing a blue beret instead of green; the band service is the only branch of the Royal Marines which admits women.

Structure of a Commando

The three Commandos are each organised into six companies, further organised into platoon-sized troops, as follows:
  • Command Company
    • Main HQ
    • Tactical HQ
    • Reconnaissance Troop (includes a sniper section)
    • Mortar Troop (9 Barrels of 81 mm) (Includes 4 MFC pairs)
    • Anti-Tank (AT) Troop (Milan—to be replaced by Javelin ATGW)
    • Medium Machine Gun Troop
  • One Logistic Company
    • A Echelon 1 (A Ech1)
    • A Echelon 2 (A Ech2)
    • FRT
    • RAP
    • B Echelon (B Ech)
  • Two Close Combat Companies
    • Company Headquarters (Coy HQ)
    • Three Close Combat Troops (Troop HQ, 3 Rifle Sections, Manoeuvre Support Section)
  • Two Stand Off Companies
    • Company Headquarters (Coy HQ)
    • Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) Troop (0.5" heavy machine guns)
    • AT Troop
    • Close Combat Troop

In general a rifle company Marine will be a member of a four-man fire team, the building block of commando operations. A Royal Marine works with his team in the field and shares accommodation if living in barracks.

This structure is a recent development, formerly Commandos were structured similarly to British Army light Infantry Battalions. During the restructuring of the United Kingdom's military services the Corps evolved from a Cold War focus on NATO's Northern Flank towards a more expeditionary posture.

Amphibious Task Group

Formerly known as the Amphibious Ready Group, the Amphibious Task Group (or ATG) is a mobile, balanced amphibious warfare force, based on a Commando Group and its supporting assets, that can be kept at high readiness to deploy into an area of operations. The ATG is normally based around specialist amphibious ships, most notably HMS Ocean, the largest ship in the British fleet. Ocean was designed and built to accommodate an embarked commando and its associated stores and equipment. The strategy of the ATG is to wait "beyond the horizon" and then deploy swiftly as directed by HM Government. The whole amphibious force is intended to be self-sustaining and capable of operating without host-nation support. The concept was successfully tested in operations in Sierra Leone.

Commando Helicopter Force

The Commando Helicopter Force forms part of the Fleet Air Arm. The force comprises four helicopter squadrons and is commanded by the Joint Helicopter Command. It consists of both Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Marines personnel. RN personnel need not be commando trained. The Commando Helicopter Force is neither under the permanent control of 3 Commando Brigade nor that of the Commandant General Royal Marines but rather is allocated to support Royal Marines units as required. It uses both Sea King transport and Lynx Light lift helicopters to provide aviation support for the Royal Marines.

Royal Marines History

The Royal Marines were formed as part of the Naval Service in 1755. However, it can trace its origins back as far as 28 October 1664 formed as "the Duke of York and Albanys maritime regiment of foot", when English soldiers first went to sea to fight the Spanish and prevent them from reaching the fortress of Gibraltar. The Corps underwent a notable change after 1945 however, when the Royal Marines took on the main responsibility for the role and training of the British Commandos. The Royal Marines have an illustrious history, and since their creation in 1942 Royal Marines Commandos have engaged on active operations across the globe, every year, except 1968. Notably they were the first ever military unit to perform an air assault insertion by helicopter, during the Suez Crisis in 1956.

Royal Marines History: Origin

The 'first official' unit of English Naval Infantry, originally called the Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot and soon becoming known as the Admiral's Regiment, was formed on 28 October 1664, with an initial strength of 1,200 infantrymen recruited from the Trained Bands of London as part of the mobilisation for the Second Anglo-Dutch War. James (later King James VII & II), the Duke of York and Albany, Lord High Admiral and brother of King Charles II, was Captain-General of the Company of the Artillery Garden, now the Honourable Artillery Company, the unit that trained the Trained Bands. It was the fourth European Marine unit formed, being preceded by the Spain's Infantería de Marina (1537), the Portuguese Marine Corps (1610) and France's Troupes de marine (1622). It consisted of six 200 man companies and was initially commanded by Colonel Sir William Killigrew with Sir Charles Lyttleton as Lieutenant-Colonel. Killigrew had commanded an English regiment in Dutch service and many of the regiment's initial complement of officers had served there as well.

The Holland Regiment (later The Buffs) was also raised to serve at sea and both of these two "Naval" regiments were paid for by the Treasurer of the Navy by Order of Council of 11 July 1665. They were also different in that they had no pikemen, every man being issued a musket. The Holland Regiment remained on the naval establishments until May 1667. The name "Marines" first appeared in official records in 1672.

The Regiment was very distinctive, being dressed in yellow, rather than the Red coat of the other regiments, until 1685. John Churchill, later the 1st Duke of Marlborough, was the most famous member of this regiment. A Company of Foot Guards served as Marines to augment the Marines of the Admiral's Regiment during the key sea battle the Battle of Solebay in 1672. Marlborough's conduct as an Ensign in the Guards during the battle so impressed James that he commissioned him a Captain in the Admiral's Regiment after four marine captains died during the battle. Marlborough served eight years in the regiment and led a battalion of the regiment in the land battle, the Battle of Enzheim in 1674. The regiment was disbanded in 1689 shortly after James II was deposed in the Glorious Revolution. The Buffs replaced them as third in precedence in the British Army.

Two marine regiments of the army were raised in 1690 and disbanded in 1696. They were the Earl of Pembroke's and Torrington's, later Lord Berkeley's. Each had twelve companies (948 men) and a Grenadier company (237 men) and again there were no pikemen, each man carrying a Dutch snaphance musket. In addition each Marine carried a bayonet, which was unusual at that time. These two regiments participated in an opposed landing during the Williamite War in Ireland at Cork, Ireland on 21 September 1690 under the command of John Churchill, now the Duke of Marlborough.

On the Peace of 1697 two foot regiments raised in 1692, Mordaunt's and Seymour's were converted into Marines. In 1702 six Regiments of Marines and six Sea Service Regiments of Foot were formed for the War of the Spanish Succession. When on land the Marines were commanded by Brigadier-General William Seymour, formerly of the 4th Foot. The most historic achievement of these Marines was the capture of the mole during the assault on Gibraltar (sailors of the Royal Navy captured the Rock itself) and the subsequent defence of the fortress alongside the Dutch Marines in 1704. In 1713, after the Peace of Utrecht, three of these Regiments were transferred to the Line, where they became the 30th through 32nd Foot, and the others disbanded. Only four Companies of Marine Invalids remained.

Six Marine Regiments (1st to 6th Marines, 44th to 49th Foot) were raised on 17 November–22 November 1739 for the War of Jenkins' Ear, with four more being raised later. One large Marine Regiment (Spotswood's Regiment later Gooch's Marines, the 43rd Foot) was formed of American colonists and served alongside British Marines at the Battle of Cartagena de Indias, Colombia and Guantánamo Bay, Cuba in the War of Jenkins' Ear (1741). Among its officers was Lawrence Washington, the half-brother of George Washington. In 1747, the remaining regiments were transferred to the Admiralty and then disbanded in 1748. Many of the disbanded men were offered transportation to Nova Scotia and helped form the city of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Even though they were part of the Army, these Marines were quite nautical at times. Some Royal Navy officers began in these Marine regiments and some kept their Marine rank throughout their careers, one Royal Navy Captain even serving as the Captain of Marines on his own ship. They were used by the Admiralty to rig ships before they were placed in commission as the Royal Navy had no extra sailors, the law requiring that all sailors must be part of a commissioned vessel. It was another law requiring that in order for Army Regiments to be paid, the entire Regiment had to muster that led to their transfer to the Admiralty. This requirement was hard for the Marine Regiments to follow as their Companies were stationed on many different ships.

On 5 April 1755, His Majesty's Marine Forces, fifty Companies in three Divisions, headquartered at Chatham, Portsmouth, and Plymouth, were formed by Order of Council under Admiralty control. Initially all field officers were Royal Navy officers as the Royal Navy felt that the ranks of Marine field officers were largely honorary. This meant that the farthest a Marine officer could advance was to Lieutenant Colonel. It was not until 1771 that the first Marine was promoted to Colonel. This situation persisted well into the 1800s. During the rest of the 18th century, they served in numerous landings all over the world, the most famous being the landing at Bellisle on the Brittany coast in 1761. They also served in the American War of Independence, being particularly courageous in the Battle of Bunker Hill led by Major John Pitcairn. These Marines also often took to the ship's boats to repel attackers in small boats when RN ships on close blockade were becalmed. On February 14, 1779 Captain James Cook took with him the following Marines: Lt.Phillips; a Sgt; Corporal Thomas and seven Privates; besides Cook, four Marines-Corporal Thomas and three Privates Hinks; Allen, and Fatchett-were killed and 2-Lt Phillips and Private Jackson-wounded. In 1802, largely at the instigation of Admiral John Jervis, 1st Earl St Vincent, they were titled the Royal Marines by King George III.

The Royal Marine Artillery (RMA) was formed as a separate unit in 1804 to man the artillery in bomb vessels. This had been done by the Royal Regiment of Artillery, but a lawsuit by a Royal Artillery officer resulted in a court decision that Army officers were not subject to Naval orders. As their uniforms were the blue of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, this group was nicknamed the "Blue Marines" and the Infantry element, who wore the scarlet uniforms of the British infantry, became known as the "Red Marines", often given the derogatory nickname "Lobsters" by sailors.


A large number of English and British marine regiments were raised for various specific wars. After the war for which they were raised, these regiments either became ordinary army infantry regiments or were disbanded. His Majesty's Marine Forces raised in 1755 are the oldest direct predecessor of the Royal Marines.

  • 1664: Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot raised from the Trained Bands of London and later re-named Lord Admiral's Regiment. This marine regiment is the predecessor of The Buffs, itself a predecessor of the Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment.
  • Two Marine Regiments of the Army raised in 1690 and disbanded in 1696: Earl of Pembroke's Regiment and Torrington's, (later Lord Berkeley's) Regiment.
  • 1697: Mordaunt's Regiment and Seymour's Regiment converted into Marines.
  • 1702: Six Regiments of Marines and six Sea Service Regiments of Foot raised. In 1713, three of these Regiments were transferred to the Line to become the 30th Foot (a predecessor of the Royal Anglian Regiment), 31st Foot (a predecessor of the Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment), and 32nd Foot (a predecessor of the Rifles). The others were disbanded.
  • 1739-1748: Marine Regiments raised in the War of Jenkins' Ear.
  • 1741: Spotswood's Regiment, later re-named Gooch's Marines, later becoming the 61st Foot (a predecessor of the Rifles) was raised from North American colonists.
  • 1755: His Majesty's Marine Forces raised. The oldest predecessor to which the Royal Marines can trace a direct lineage.
  • 1804: The Royal Marine Artillery (RMA) raised
  • 1855: His Majesty's Marine Forces re-named the Royal Marines Light Infantry (RMLI)
  • 1862: Royal Marines Light Infantry slightly re-named Royal Marine Light Infantry (RMLI)
  • 1914-1918: Royal Naval Brigades used during the First World War were composed of both marines and sailors
  • 1923: The Royal Marine Artillery and Royal Marine Light Infantry amalgamated into the Corps of Royal Marines

Nineteenth century

During the Napoleonic Wars, the Royal Navy suffered from manpower (recruitment and retention) problems in the Marines, and so regular infantry units from the British Army often had to be used as shipboard replacements. In the War of 1812, escaped African American slaves were formed into the Corps of Colonial Marines and fought at Bladensburg and Baltimore. Other Royal Marines units raided up and down Chesapeake Bay, fought in the Battle of New Orleans and later helped capture Fort Bowyer in Mobile Bay in the last land action of the war.

In 1855 the Infantry forces were re-named the Royal Marines Light Infantry (RMLI) and in 1862 the name was slightly altered to Royal Marine Light Infantry. The Royal Navy saw only limited active service at sea after 1850 (until 1914) and became interested in developing the concept of landings by Naval Brigades. In these Naval Brigades, the function of the Royal Marines was to land first and act as skirmishers ahead of sailors trained as conventional infantry and artillery. This skirmishing was the traditional function of Light Infantry. It was not until 1923 that the separate Artillery and light Infantry forces were formally amalgamated into the Corps of Royal Marines (see below).

In the rest of the 19th Century the Royal Marines served in many landings, especially in the First and Second Opium Wars (1839–1842 and 1856–1860) against the Chinese. These were all successful except for the landing at the Mouth of the Peiho in 1859, where Admiral Sir James Hope ordered a landing across extensive mudflats even though his Brigadier, Colonel Thomas Lemon RMLI, advised against it.

During the Crimean War in 1854 and 1855, three Royal Marines earned the Victoria Cross, two in the Crimea and one in the Baltic. The use of the new "torpedoes" (mines) by the Russians in the Baltic made the campaign there particularly suited to RM raiding and reconnaissance parties. Landings by the British and French Navy and Marines in 1854 were repulsed by the Russians at Petropavlovsk on the Pacific coast of Russia.

Royal Marines History: Early 20th Century

The Royal Marines also played a prominent role in the Boxer Rebellion in China (1900), where a Royal Marine earned a further Corps Victoria Cross. For the first part of the 20th century, the Royal Marines' role was the traditional one of providing shipboard infantry for security, boarding parties and small-scale landings. The Marines' other traditional position on a Royal Navy ship was manning 'X' and 'Y' (the aftermost) gun turrets on a battleship or cruiser. During both World War I and World War II Royal Marine detachments were limited to Cruisers and above and until the latter part of the 20th century Royal Marine Bands were also carried on those ships. In times of war the Bandsmen traditionally operated the ship's comprehensive fire-control system, situated for stability and safety at the lowest deck of the ship. Consequently, when ships were sunk, almost inevitably the entire ship's band was lost.

Pursuing a career in the Marines had been considered 'social suicide' through much of the 18th and 19th centuries since Royal Marine officers had a lower standing than their counterparts in the Royal Navy. An effort was made in 1907 through the common entry portion of the Selborne scheme to reduce the professional differences between RN and RM officers. This provided for an initial period of service where both groups performed the same roles and underwent the same training. Upon promotion to Lieutenant officers could opt for permanent service with the Royal Marines. The scheme was abandoned after three years when only two of the new entrants chose this option over that of service as naval officers, for whom promotion prospects were much greater. At the outbreak of World War I, the Corps was 58 subalterns under establishment.

Royal Marines History: World War I

During World War I, in addition to their usual stations aboard ship, Royal Marines were part of the Royal Naval Division which landed in Belgium in 1914 to help defend Antwerp and later took part in the amphibious landing at Gallipoli in 1915. It also served on the Western Front in the trenches.

The Division's first two commanders were Royal Marine Artillery Generals. Other Royal Marines acted as landing parties in the Naval campaign against the Turkish fortifications in the Dardanelles before the Gallipoli landings. They were sent ashore to assess damage to Turkish fortifications after bombardment by British and French ships and, if necessary, to complete their destruction. The Royal Marines were the last to leave Gallipoli, replacing both British and French troops in a neatly planned and executed withdrawal from the beaches. It even required some Marines to wear French uniforms as part of the deception.

In 1918 Royal Marines led the Zeebrugge Raid. Five Royal Marines earned the Victoria Cross in the First World War, two at Zeebrugge, one at Gallipoli, one at the Battle of Jutland and one on the Western Front. After the war Royal Marines took part in the allied intervention in Russia. In 1919, the 6th Battalion RMLI rose in mutiny and was disbanded at Murmansk.

Between the World Wars

The Royal Marine Artillery (RMA) and Royal Marine Light Infantry (RMLI) were amalgamated on 22 June 1923. Post-war demobilisation had seen the Royal Marines reduced from 55,000 (1918) to 15,000 in 1922 and there was Treasury pressure for a further reduction to 6,000 or even the entire disbandment of the Corps. As a compromise an establishment of 9,500 was settled upon but this meant that two separate branches could no longer be maintained. The abandonment of the Marine's artillery role meant that the Corps would subsequently have to rely on Royal Artillery support when ashore, that the title of Royal Marines would apply to the entire Corps and that only a few specialists would now receive naval gunnery training. As a form of consolation the dark blue and red uniform of the Royal Marine Artillery now became the full dress of the entire Corps. Royal Marine officers and Senior NCO's however continue to wear the historic scarlet in mess dress to the present day. The ranks of Private, used by the RMLI, and Gunner, used by the RMA, were abolished and replaced by the rank of Marine.

Royal Marines History: World War II

During the early parts of World War II, a small party of Royal Marines were first ashore at Namsos in April 1940, seizing the approaches to the Norwegian town preparatory to a landing by the British Army two days later. The Royal Marines formed the Royal Marine Division as an amphibious warfare trained division, parts of which served at Dakar and in the capture of Madagascar. In addition the Royal Marines formed Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisations (MNBDOs) similar to the US Marine Corps Defense Battalions. One of these took part in the defence of Crete. Royal Marines also served in Malaya and in Singapore, where due to losses they were joined with remnants of the 2nd Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders to form the "Plymouth Argylls" (as there is a football club called Plymouth Argyle F.C., and the Royal Marines were associated with Plymouth). The Royal Marines formed one Commando (A Commando) which served at Dieppe. One month after Dieppe, most of the 11th Royal Marine Battalion was killed or captured in an amphibious landing at Tobruk in Operation Daffodil, again the Marines were involved with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders this time the 1st Battalion. In 1943 the Infantry Battalions of the Royal Marine Division were re-organised as Commandos, joining the Army Commandos. The Division command structure became a Special Service Brigade command. The support troops became landing craft crew.

A total of four Special Service, later Commando, Brigades were raised during the war, and Royal Marines were represented in all of them. Nine RM Commando (battalions) were raised during the war, numbered from 40 to 48.

1st Commando Brigade had just one RM Battalion, No 45 Commando and took part in the Allied invasion of Sicily and the D Day Operation Overlord invasion of German-occupied Normandy, then campaigns in the Rhineland and crossing the Rhine.

2nd Commando Brigade had two RM battalions, No. 40 and No. 43 and was involved in the Salerno landings, Anzio, Comacchio, and operations in the Argenta Gap.

3rd Commando Brigade also had two, No. 42 and No. 44 and served in Allied invasion of Sicily and Burma.

4th Commando Brigade was entirely Royal Marine after March 1944, comprising No. 41, No. 46, No. 47 and No. 48 Commando served in Normandy and in the Battle of the Scheldt on the island of Walcheren during the clearing of Antwerp.

In January 1945, two further RM Brigades were formed, 116th Royal Marine Brigade and 117th Royal Marine Brigade. Both were conventional Infantry, rather than Commando brigades formed by surplus landing craft crews. 116th Brigade saw some action in the Netherlands, but 117th Brigade was hardly used operationally. In addition one Landing Craft Assault (LCA) unit was stationed in Australia late in the war as a training unit.

In 1946 the Army Commandos and all but three Royal Marine Commandos and three out of four Commando brigades were disbanded, leaving 3 Commando Brigade and 40, 42 and 45 Commando Royal Marines to continue the Commando role (with supporting Army elements).

A number of Royal Marines served as aircraft pilots during the Second World War. It was a Royal Marines officer who led the attack by a formation of Blackburn Skuas that sank the German cruiser Königsberg. Eighteen Royal Marines commanded Fleet Air Arm squadrons during the course of the war, and with the formation of the British Pacific Fleet were well-represented in the final drive on Japan in the Pacific Theatre. Captains and Majors generally commanded squadrons, whilst in one case Lt. Colonel R.C.Hay on HMS Indefatigable (R10) was Air Group Co-ordinator from HMS Victorious (R38) of the entire British Pacific Fleet.

Only one Marine, 21 year old Corporal Thomas Peck Hunter of 43 Commando, was awarded the Victoria Cross in the Second World War for action at Comacchio lagoon during Operation Roast in the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy. Hunter was the last RM Commando to be awarded the medal to date.

Throughout the war Royal Marines continued in their traditional role of providing ships detachments and manning a proportion of the guns on cruisers and capital ships. They also provided the crew for the UK's minor Landing Craft and operated two regiments of Centaur IV tanks of the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group on D Day.

The Royal Marines Boom Patrol Detachment, The Cockleshell Heroes, under Blondie Hasler carried out Operation Frankton and provided the basis for the post-war continuation of the Special Boat Service.

Royal Marines History: After 1945

Royal Marines were involved in the Korean War. 41 (Independent) Commando was reformed in 1950, and was originally envisaged as a raiding force for use against North Korea. It performed this role in partnership with the United States Navy until after the landing of United States Army X Corps at Wonsan. It then joined the 1st Marine Division at Koto-Ri. As Task Force Drysdale with Lt. Col. D.B. Drysdale RM in command, 41 Commando, a USMC company, a US Army company and part of the divisional train fought their way from Koto-Ri to Hagaru after the Chinese had blocked the road to the North. It then took part in the famous withdrawal from Chosin Reservoir. After that, a small amount of raiding followed, before the Marines were withdrawn from the conflict in 1951. It received the Presidential Unit Citation (United States) after the USMC got the regulations modified to allow foreign units to receive the award.

After playing a part in the long-running Malayan Emergency, the next action came in 1956, during the Suez Crisis. Headquarters 3 Commando Brigade, and Nos 40, 42 and 45 Commandos took part in the operation. It marked the first time that a helicopter assault was used operationally to land troops in an amphibious attack. British and French forces defeated the Egyptians, but after pressure from the United States, and French domestic pressure, they backed down.

From 1955 to 1959 40 and 45 Commando alternated duties in Cyprus undertaking anti-terrorist operations against the EOKA guerrillas during tensions between the Greek and Turkish inhabitants of the island. The EOKA were a small, but powerful organisation of Greek Cypriots, who had great local support from the Greek community. On 6 September 1955, the UN called 45 Commando at a moments notice to move to Cyprus amid escalating tensions and EOKA atrocities. The unit, based in Malta at the time travelled to the Kyrenia mountain area of the island and by 10 September, around 1,300 Marines and 150 vehicles used by the unit had arrived in the and ready to patrol.

Further action in the Far East was seen during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation. Nos 40 and 42 Commando went to Borneo at various times to help keep Indonesian forces from worsening situations in the neighbouring region, in what was an already heated part of the world, with conflicts in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. During the campaign there was a company-strength amphibious assault by Lima Company of 42 Commando at the town of Limbang to rescue hostages. The Limbang raid saw three of the 150 marines involved decorated, L company 42 commando are still referred to today as Limbang Company in memory of this archetypal commando raid.

In January 1964 part of the Tanzanian Army mutinied. Within 24 hours Royal Marines had left Bickleigh Camp, Plymouth, Devon, and were travelling by air to Nairobi, Kenya, continuing by road into Tanzania. At the same time, Commandos aboard HMS Bulwark sailed to East Africa and anchored off-shore from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The revolt was put down and the next six months were spent in touring Tanzanian military out-posts disarming military personnel. The Royal Marines were then relieved by Canadian armed forces.

From 1969 onwards Royal Marine units regularly deployed to Northern Ireland during The Troubles, during the course of which 13 were killed in action. A further eleven died in the 1989 Deal bombing of the Royal Marines School of Music.

Between 1974 and 1984 the Royal Marines undertook three United Nations tours of duty in Cyprus. The first was in November 1974 when 41 Commando took over the Limassol District from the 2nd Battalion of the Guards Brigade and became the first Commando to wear the light blue berets of the UN when they began the Corps' first six-month tour with the UN forces in Cyprus (UNIFCYP). The Commando also consisted of the 8th (Alma) Battery of 29 Commando RA and two troops of Independent Squadron Royal Engineers. In 1974 41 Commando was awarded the Wilkinson Sword of Peace for "The establishment or unit which contributes the most towards establishing good and friendly relations with the inhabitants of any territory within, or outside the UK."

The Falklands War provided the backdrop to the next action of the Royal Marines. Argentina invaded the islands in April 1982. A British task force was immediately despatched to recapture them, and given that an amphibious assault would be necessary, the Royal Marines were heavily involved. 3 Commando Brigade was brought to full combat strength, with not only 40, 42 and 45 Commandos, but also the 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the Parachute Regiment attached. The troops were landed at San Carlos Water at the western end of East Falkland, and proceeded to "yomp" across the entire island to the capital, Stanley, which fell on 14 June 1982. A Royal Marines divisional headquarters was deployed, under Major-General Jeremy Moore, who was commander of British land forces during the war.

The main element of 3 Commando Brigade was not deployed in the 1991 Gulf War except for 24 men from K Company 42 Commando Royal Marines who were deployed as six man teams aboard two Royal Navy frigates and two Royal Navy destroyers. They were used as ship boarding parties and took part in numerous boardings of suspect shipping. There were also further elements deployed to provide protection of shipping whilst in ports throughout the Gulf. The main element of 3 Commando Brigade was deployed to northern Iraq in the aftermath to provide aid to the Kurds, as part of Operation Safe Haven. The remainder of the 1990s saw no major warfighting deployments, other than a divisional headquarters to control land forces during the short NATO intervention that ended the Bosnian War.

More recently Royal Marines detachments have been involved in operations in Kosovo, Sierra Leone, East Timor and the Congo where alongside French troops they prepared for a NEO Non-combatant evacuation operation of Brits from the embassies.

From 2000 onwards, the Royal Marines began converting from their traditional light infantry role towards an expanded force protection type role, with the introduction of the Commando 21 concept, leading to the introduction of the Viking, the first armoured vehicle to be operated by the Royal Marines for half a century.

In November 2001, after the seizure of Bagram Air Base by the Special Boat Service, Charlie Company of 40 Commando became the first British regular forces into Afghanistan, using Bagram Air base to support British and US Special Forces Operations. Bravo Company 40 Commando arrived in December 2001, eventually moving into Kabul itself, beginning the building of the infrastructure which became ISAF. 40 Commando continued to roulement Companies until October 2002.

2002 Saw the deployment of 45 Commando Royal Marines to Afghanistan, where contact with enemy forces was expected to be heavy. However little action was seen, with no Al-Qaida or Taliban forces being found or engaged. 3 Commando Brigade deployed on Operation TELIC in early 2003 with the USMC's 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit under command. The Brigade conducted an amphibious assault on the Al-Faw peninsula in Iraqin support of the US Navy SEALs, The 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit and 42 Commando securing the port of Umm Qasr and 40 Commando conducting a helicopter assault in order to secure the oil installations to assure continued operability of Iraq's export capability. The attack proceeded well, with light casualties. 3 Commando Brigade served as part of the US 1st Marine Division and received the US Presidential Unit Citation, in fact the 2nd time in 50 years the Royal Marines received this.

In late 2006, 3 Commando Brigade relieved 16 Air Assault Brigade in Helmand Province, Afghanistan, as part of Operation Herrick. In 2008, Lance-Corporal Matthew Croucher of 40 Commando was awarded the George Cross (GC) after throwing himself on a grenade to save the lives of the other marines of his patrol. Remarkably, he managed to keep his rucksack between himself and the grenade, and that, together with his body armour, meant he suffered only very minor injuries.

Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines

The Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines, commonly just referred to as the Royal Marines (RM), are the marine corps and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service. They are also the United Kingdom's specialists in amphibious warfare, including the operation of landing craft; mountain warfare; and Arctic warfare. A core component of the country's Rapid Deployment Force, the Corps's 3 Commando Brigade is capable of operating independently and is highly trained as a commando force. It is trained to deploy quickly and fight in any terrain. The Royal Marines have the longest NATO basic infantry training course in the world.

The Royal Marines have a regular manpower of 7,420 personnel. In addition the Royal Marines have a part time volunteer reserve force (RMR) of 970 personnel, giving a total of 8,390 Royal Marines. This makes the Royal Marines the largest force of its type in the European Union, and it is the only European force capable of carrying out amphibious operations at brigade level. The Royal Marines are the second largest force of its type in NATO.

Royal Marines
Active 1755 – Present
Branch Royal Navy
Type Marine (Naval) Infantry
Role commando
Size 7,420 Personnel and 970 Reserve Personnel
Part of Naval Service
Garrison/HQ COMUKAMPHIBFOR (Portsmouth)
40 Commando (Taunton)
42 Commando (Plymouth)
45 Commando (Arbroath)
Fleet Protection Group (HMNB Clyde)
Commando Logistic Regiment (Chivenor)
1 Assault Group (Poole)
Commando Training Centre (Lympstone)
Nickname Royal
The Corps
Motto Per Mare, Per Terram (By Sea, By Land)
March Quick: A Life on the Ocean Wave
Slow: Preobrajensky
Website Royal Marines
Captain-General HRH The Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, AC, QSO, PC
Commandant-General Major-General F H R Howes
Commando Flash Royal Marines Commando Flash.jpg
Abbreviation RM

US Marine Bases and Stations

The US Marine Corps operates many major bases, 14 of which host operating forces, several support and training installations, as well as satellite facilities. US Marine Corps bases are concentrated around the locations of the Marine Expeditionary Forces, though reserve units are scattered throughout the United States. The principal bases are Camp Pendleton on the West Coast, home to I MEF; Camp Lejeune on the East Coast, home to II MEF; and Camp Butler in Okinawa, Japan, home to III MEF.

Other important bases include air stations, recruit depots, logistics bases, and training commands. Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms in California is the Marine Corps' largest base and home to the Corps' most complex, combined-arms, live-fire training. Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia is home to Marine Corps Combat Development Command, and nicknamed the "Crossroads of the Marine Corps". Marines also operate detachments at many installations owned by other branches, to better share resources, such as specialty schools. Marines are also present at, and operate many, forward bases during expeditionary operations. Finally, Marines operate a presence in the National Capital Region, with Headquarters Marine Corps scattered amongst the Pentagon, Henderson Hall, Washington Navy Yard, and Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C..

United States

Marine Corps Bases

Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
Oceanside, California
Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms
Twentynine Palms, California
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Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow
Barstow, California
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Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego
San Diego, California
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Mountain Warfare Training Center
Bridgeport, California
Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany
Albany, Georgia
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Marine Corps Base Hawaii
Kāne'ohe Bay, Hawaii
Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Jacksonville, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island
Beaufort, South Carolina
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Marine Corps Base Quantico
Quantico, Virginia
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Henderson Hall
Arlington, Virginia
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Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.

Satellite Bases

Insignia Installation Location
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Blount Island Command, Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany
Jacksonville, Florida
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Camp H. M. Smith, Marine Corps Base Hawaii
ʻAiea, Hawaii
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Camp Geiger, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Jacksonville, North Carolina
Camp Gilbert H. Johnson, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
formerly known as "Montford Point"
Jacksonville, North Carolina
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Courthouse Bay, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Jacksonville, North Carolina
Stone Bay, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Jacksonville, North Carolina
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Camp Allen, Naval Station Norfolk
formerly known as "Camp Elmore"
Norfolk, Virginia

Marine Corps Air Stations

Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Air Station Yuma
Yuma, Arizona
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Marine Corps Air Station Miramar
Miramar, California
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Marine Corps Air Station Camp Pendleton
Oceanside, California
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Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay
Kāne'ohe Bay, Hawaii
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Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point
Havelock, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Air Station New River
Jacksonville, North Carolina
Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort
Beaufort, South Carolina

Satellite Aviation Facilities

Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Outlying Field Atlantic, Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point
Bogue Sound, North Carolina
Marine Corps Auxiliary Landing Field Bogue Field, Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point
Bogue, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Outlying Field Camp Davis, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune
Holly Ridge, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Air Facility Quantico, Marine Corps Base Quantico
Quantico, Virginia

Marine Corps Detachments

Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Aviation Training Support Group 21, Naval Air Station Pensacola
Warrington, Florida
Marine Aviation Training Support Group 22, Naval Air Station Corpus Christi
Corpus Christi, Texas
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Marine Aviation Training Support Group 23, Naval Air Station Lemoore
Lemoore Station, California
Marine Aviation Training Support Group 33, Naval Air Station Oceana
Virginia Beach, Virginia
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Marine Aviation Training Support Group 53, Naval Air Station Whidbey Island
Oak Harbor, Washington
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Marine Aviation Detachment, Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake
China Lake, California
Marine Aviation Detachment, Naval Air Station Patuxent River
Patuxent River, Maryland
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Marine Corps Detachment, Redstone Arsenal
Huntsville, Alabama
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Huachuca
Huachuca City, Arizona
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Marine Corps Detachment, Defense Language Institute
Monterey, California
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Marine Corps Detachment, Corry Station Naval Technical Training Center
Pensacola, Florida
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Gordon
Augusta, Georgia
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Benning
Columbus, Georgia
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Knox
Louisville, Kentucky
Marine Corps Detachment, Aberdeen Proving Ground
Aberdeen, Maryland
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Meade
Laurel, Maryland
Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Leonard Wood
Waynesville, Missouri
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Sill
Lawton, Oklahoma
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Marine Corps Detachment, Naval Station Newport
Naval War College
Newport, Rhode Island
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Bliss
El Paso, Texas
Marine Corps Detachment, Goodfellow Air Force Base
San Angelo, Texas
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Marine Corps Detachment, Fort Lee
Tri-Cities, Virginia

Marine Corps Reserve

Insignia Installation Location
Headquarters, Marine Forces Reserve, Naval Support Activity, New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana
Mobilization Command, Marine Forces Reserve
Kansas City, Missouri
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Marine Corps Reserve Center Indianapolis, Heslar Naval Armory
Indianapolis, Indiana
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Marine Corps Reserve Detachment, Naval Air Station Willow Grove
Willow Grove, Pennsylvania
Marine Corps Reserve Detachment, Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth
Fort Worth, Texas



Insignia Installation Location
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Camp Dwyer
Garmsir District
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Camp Leatherneck
Helmand Province
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Camp Rhino
Registan Desert
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FOB Delhi
No image.png
FOB Delaram
Nimruz Province
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Fiddler's Green
Nawa-I-Barakzayi District
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FOB Geronimo
Nawa-I-Barakzayi District
No image.png
Kandahar International Airport
No image.png
PB Jaker
Nawa District


Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Detachment, Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
Guantánamo Bay


Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Security Detachment, Camp Lemonnier


Insignia Installation Location
Headquarters, United States Marine Forces, Europe (MARFOREUR), Camp Panzer Kaserne

United Kingdom & British overseas territories

Insignia Installation Location
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Camp Thunder Cove, Diego Garcia
British Indian Ocean Territory


Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni
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Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
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Camp Courtney, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Uruma, Okinawa
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Camp Foster, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Ginowan, Okinawa
Camp Gonsalves, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Kunigami, Okinawa
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Camp Hansen, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Kin, Okinawa
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Camp Kinser, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Naha, Okinawa
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Camp Lester, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Chatan, Okinawa
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Camp McTureous, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Uruma, Okinawa
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Camp Schwab, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler
Uruma, Okinawa
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
Ginowan, Okinawa
Marine Wing Liaison Kadena, Kadena Air Base
Kadena, Okinawa
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Camp Fuji
Gotemba, Shizuoka


Insignia Installation Location
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Camp Arifjan
Kuwait City

South Korea

Insignia Installation Location
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Camp Mujuk


United States

Insignia Installation Date Current Function Location
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Camp Calvin B. Matthews
University of California, San Diego
La Jolla, San Diego, California
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Marine Corps Air Station El Centro
Naval Air Facility El Centro
El Centro, California
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Marine Corps Air Station El Toro
Orange County Great Park
Irvine, California
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Marine Corps Air Station Mojave
Mojave Air and Space Port
Mojave, California
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Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara Municipal Airport
Santa Barbara, California
MCAS Tustin.jpg
Marine Corps Air Station Tustin
Tustin Legacy
Tustin, California
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Marine Corps Air Station Miami
Opa-locka Airport
Miami, Florida
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Marine Corps Air Station Ewa
Naval Air Station Barbers Point
Oahu, Hawaii
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Marine Corps Air Station Edenton
Northeastern Regional Airport
Edenton, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Air Station Eagle Mountain Lake
private airport
Pecan Acres, Texas
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Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara
University of California, Santa Barbara
Goleta, California
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Marine Corps Auxiliary Airfield Gillespie
Gillespie Field
El Cajon, California
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Marine Corps Outlying Field Greenville
Pitt-Greenville Airport
Greenville, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Auxiliary Airfield Kinston
Kinston Regional Jetport
Kinston, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Outlying Field New Bern
Craven County Regional Airport
New Bern, North Carolina
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Marine Corps Auxiliary Airfield Congaree
McEntire Joint National Guard Base
Eastover, South Carolina
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Marine Corps Air Facility Walnut Ridge
Walnut Ridge Regional Airport (Arkansas)
Walnut Ridge, Arkansas
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Marine Corps Barracks Adak
Adak Airport
Adak, Alaska
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Marine Barracks Jacksonville
Naval Air Station Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida



Insignia Installation Location
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Forward Operating Base Abu Ghraib
Abu Ghraib
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Al Asad Air Base
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Al Taqaddum Air Base
No image.png
Camp Baharia
No image.png
Camp Gannon
1st MARDIV 2 insignia.png
Blue Diamond
No image.png
Camp Ramadi, (Junction City)


Insignia Installation Location
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Camp Monteith
Gnjilane, Kosovo


Insignia Installation Location
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Marine Corps Air Station Rose Garden
Nam Phong, Thailand


Insignia Installation Location
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Camp Carroll
Cam Lo, Vietnam
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Chu Lai
Dung Quat Bay, Vietnam
No image.png
Con Thien
Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone, Vietnam
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Da Nang Air Base
Da Nang, Vietnam
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Khe Sanh Combat Base
Quảng Trị, Vietnam
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Ky Ha Air Facility
Ky Ha Peninsula, Vietnam
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Marble Mountain Air Facility
Marble Mountain, Vietnam